Madhusmita B Khaund
Khonoma green village of the Angami tribe, Nagaland
Updated: Sep 5, 2021
Khonoma village claims to be the first Green village in India. Situated about 20 kms from Kohima the capital of Nagaland, a state in Northeastern part of India, Khonoma is an Angami Naga tribal village. There are 16 major tribes in Nagaland, Angami being one of them. The Angamis were fierce warriors and were at the forefront among the tribes that offered stiff resistance against British colonial intrusion into their territories and Khonoma was a vanguard village of the Angami Nagas. . There is a methodical neatness about the layout of their villages and fields.
A picturesque village on top of a hill, Khonoma has about 500 households. Beautiful terraced rice fields in the valley below surrounded by hills is a sight to behold. Khonoma has adopted many green practices like banning cutting of trees for commercial purposes, reforestation, sustainable agricultural practices etc. to maintain the greenery and natural ecosystem of the surrounding areas. Khonoma houses nature’s pristine beauty in the form of its alder trees, terraces carved out of its hilly slopes and the Khonoma Nature Conservation Tragopan Sanctuary (KNCTS). KNCTS conserves a large and rare variety of plants and animals within its 25 sq km area.
People can hike around the village in the many paved walkways dotted with pretty flowers and exotic orchids enjoying the panoramic views all around.
Smaller roads takes one inside the village where one can see and learn about the Angami tribal lifestyle. Morungs are common houses where the male youth of the village get together, stay and learn about social conduct, traditions, hunting etc. from the elders of the village. There are some circular platforms where the elders of the village sit occasionally to discuss about important issues.
Khonoma also has its share of history in it's epic resistances against the British colonial forces resulting in a peace treaty after decades of fighting. The Khonoma Fort is a silent reminder of the brave Angami warriors who stood against the Colonial forces.
The main festival of the Angami Nagas is Sekrenyi Festival celebrated in the last week of February. It is a purification festival where villagers perform rituals to purify the bodies and souls of the villagers and the entire community to safeguard from evil spirits. It also marks initiation of young people to adulthood and is considered an "identity marker of the Angami".
Check out the below links for travelling to Khonoma
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